Is AWYVERDE® primary packaging recyclable?
Yes, the underlying material RCM-1801 is recyclable.
Does AWYVERDE® primary packaging produce microplastic through its decomposition?
No. Given the inputs of the underlying material RCM-1801 (see above), there is no microplastic.
What is left over after the decomposition of AWYVERDE® primary packaging?
Besides water and carbon, minerals are released which can be used as nutrients by plants or micro-organisms.
Does AWYVERDE® primary packaging decompose if the filled product is stored over a longer period of time - e.g., in stores?
No. For the decomposition to start, micro-organisms are needed which are available in nature and composting plants but not in warehouses or shops.
Does AWYVERDE® primary packaging decompose during its use (e.g., due to the higher temperature and humidity in bathrooms)?
No. Both the temperature and the humidity in bathrooms are not sufficient with regard to their height and consistency to start the decomposition process. Beyond, also the needed micro-organisms are missing in a household setting.
Does AWYVERDE® primary packaging decompose despite a potential surface coating such as varnishing?
Typically, primary packaging is not entirely coated but only partially - hence, there is always an area where the decomposition process can start. Obviously, a bigger uncoated share of the surface as well as the application of biodegradable coatings/colors allows to shorten the decomposition process.
After which period of time does AWYVERDE® primary packaging dissolve in water?
This depends on the type of water, its temperature as well as on the geometry of the packaging item. Taking these variables into account, five to ten years are needed for the process. Thin-walled packaging dissolves quicker in warm salt water than does thick-walled packaging in cold fresh water. Conventional plastics need ~ 450 years to dissolve.
After which period of time does AWYVERDE® primary packaging decompose in a home compost or in nature - e.g., in the woods?
Depending on the temperature as well as on the quantity of micro-organisms five to ten years are needed for the decomposition process. As the temperature in a home compost is typically higher and there are typically more micro-organisms, the decomposition is typically faster than in nature. Conventional plastics need ~ 450 years to decompose.
Why does the certification of the material RCM-1801 used to produce AWYVERDE® primary packaging only cover industrial composting but not home composting?
In order to receive a home compost certification, the material must be entirely decomposed after one year. However, due to the migration properties required for cosmetics, RCM-1801 cannot decompose within that time frame.